According to the majority of traditions, Nabi (S.A.W) had 7 children; 3 sons and 4 daughters. Of the 7, 2 of the sons and all 4 daughters were born to Khadija bint Khuwaylid (R.A). The last son was born to Maria Qibtiya (R.A.).
Qasim, the first son of our Rasoolullah (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A.), is said to have been born 11 years before Nabuwwat. After his birth, Nabi (S.A.W) adopted the kunya Abdul Qasim. Qasim passed away in childhood, although his age at the time differs. It is, however, unanimous that Qasim passed away before the age of 2. The first child of The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) is buried in Makaah Mukarramah.
The second child of Nabi (S.A.W) was Zaynab (R.A). Zaynab (R.A) was born 10 years before Nabuwwat to Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A). Rasoolullah (S.A.W)’s eldest daughter passed away in 8 AH, after not recovering from a wound inflicted on her in her abdomen by the non-believers. Zaynab (R.A) gave Nabi (S.A.W) 2 grandchildren; a daughter, Umamah (R.A), and a son, Ali (R.A).
Ruqayyah (R.A) was born 7 years before Nabuwwat, also to Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A). She (R.A) gave birth to a son, Abdullah, who passed away in childhood. Following her son’s death, Ruqayyah (R.A) was struck with a sever fever that resulted in her passing away. Ruqayyah (R.A) is reported to have passed away on the day the Muslims returned victorious from the Battle of Badr, in 2AH.
The third daughter of Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A) was born 6 years before Nabuwwat. Due to Umm Kulthum (R.A) and Ruqayyah (R.A) being close in age, both were brought up like twins. Umm Kulthum (R.A) remained in Madinah Munawwarah till the later years of her life. She passed away in Sha’baan 9 AH, and did not have any children.
Fathima-Zahra (R.A) was the last daughter of Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A). She was born 5 years before Nabuwwat, during the days of the reconstruction of the Ka’bah by the Quraish. Fathima (R.A) is the Queen of the females in Jannah. Fathima (R.A) passed away 6 months after Nabi (S.A.W) passed away, in the year 11 AH. She had 2 sons, Hassan (R.A) and Husain (R.A), and 2 daughters, Umm Kulthum (R.A) and Zaynab (R.A), from her marriage to Ali (R.A). Some narratations report that a son, Mohsin, and a daughter, Ruqayyah, passed away in childhood.
The last child born from Khadija (R.A) was Abdullah. He was also called Tahir, as he was born after Nabi (S.A.W)’s Nabuwwat. Abdullah passed away in infancy.
Ibraheem, born to Nabi (S.A.W) and Maria Qibtiya (R.A), was the last biological child of our Rasool (S.A.W). He was born in Madinah Munawwarah, and passed away in Madinah Munawwarah when he was about 18 months.
Nabi (S.A.W) had one other adopted son, Zaid bin Harith (R.A). Zaid (R.A) was, in all probability, the second man to accept Islam. He was called by Nabi (S.A.W) as ‘The Beloved’. He had one son, Usama (R.A) that was greatly loved by Nabi (S.A.W). Nabi (S.A.W) would keep Usama (R.A) with Himself (S.A.W) and his biological grandsons, Hassan (R.A) and Husain (R.A).
All of Nabi (S.A.W)’s children, except Fathima (R.A), predeceased Him (S.A.W) and it is thus through Fathima (R.A) that the lineage of Nabi (S.A.W) continued.
I will, InShaAllah , go over the lives of the daughters of The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) in the coming weeks. The above is simply an introduction.
Don’t forget to recite as much Durood as you can!
Love and Duas,