Ruqayyah (R.A) was the second daughter of Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A). She (R.A) was also born before the beginning of Islam, 3 years after the birth of Zaynab (R.A), when Nabi (S.A.W) was 33 years old. When Ruqayyah reached marriageable age, Abu Lahab approached Nabi (S.A.W) and asked for her to wed his son, Utbah. Nabi (S.A.W) then began preaching Islam openly, and thereafter Surah Lahab was revealed. This led to Abu Lahab commanding his son to divorce Ruqayyah (R.A). At this time, the marriage had not yet been consummated.
[Side-note: Utbah ibn Abi Lahab reverted to Islam at a later stage]
Though the marriage was not consummated, Nabi (S.A.W)’s attitude to divorced daughters can be gauged from this Hadith. “Shall I show you the greatest Sadaqah (or one of the greatest forms of sadaqah)?” Sahaba (R.A) replied, “Yes, Messenger of Allah (S.A.W)!” He (S.A.W) went on, “To provide for your daughter when she is returned to you and you are her sole source of provision.”
After her divorce, Uthman ibn Affan (R.A) proposed to her. They were subsequently married. In the fifth year after Nabuwwat, Ruqayyah (R.A) and Uthman (R.A) migrated to Abyssinia for the first time. Their stay in Abyssinia did not last long, as they soon heard that the persecution against the Muslims had ceased. Ruqayyah (R.A) and Uthman (R.A.) returned to Makkah Mukarramah to find the news to be false. They thus joined the second group of Muslims migrating to Abyssinia.
A Quraishi woman came from Abyssinia to Makkah Mukarramah. Nabi (S.A.W) inquired from her about the welfare of Uthman (R.A) and Ruqayyah (R.A). She said that she had seen Ruqayyah riding a pony and Uthman walking by her side. Rasoolullah (S.A.W) was satisfied.
During their sojourn in Abyssinia, Ruqayyah (R.A) gave birth to a son, Abdullah. Abdullah passed away at a young age, some reports stating 6 years. Following the fairly long stay in Abyssinia, the couple returned to Makkah Mukarramah for a while- where Ruqayyah (R.A) learnt of the passing away of Khadija (R.A)- before proceeding to Madinah Munawwarah to join Nabi (S.A.W).
Her grief over the loss of her mother and son was compounded by an illness (said to be measles). This illness kept her bed-ridden at the same time that the Battle of Badr was being carried out. Uthman (.A) stayed at her side during her illness, and did not participate in the Battle, under the request of the Rasool of Allah (S.AW).
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (R.A) said: “With regard to his [i.e. Uthman ibn Affan (R.A)] being absent from the Battle of Badr, he was married to the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W), Ruqayyah (R.A), and she was sick, so the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) said to him: “You will have the reward and the share (of booty) of a man who was present at Badr.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3495)
Before Rasoolullah (S.A.W) returned from the victory of the Battle of Badr, His (S.A.W)’s daughter had passed away and the Muslims in Madinah Munawwarah had performed her Janaazah Salaah. She was the first of our Nabi (S.A.W)’s beloved daughters to depart from this world. As her Qabr was being covered with earth, Zaid bin Harith entered Madinah Munawwarah with the news of the Muslims victory.
Uthman (R.A) married no other woman as long as she lived. She passed away in Madina Munawwarah in 2 AH, during the first Battle of Islam. Keep in mind, the Battle of Badr was fought in Ramadan.
Don’t forget to recite as much Durood as you can!
Love and Duas,