Umm-Kulthum bint Muhammad (R.A) was the third daughter of Nabi (S.A.W) and Khadija (R.A). She was born in the year 603 CE, and was a year younger than Ruqayyah (R.A). Her childhood was during a period of great turmoil when it was impossible to write down an account of anybody’s life and as such, not much is known about Umm-Kulthum (R.A)’s childhood.
Umm-Kulthum (R.A) was initially married to Utaybah, one of the sons of Abu Lahab. Due to his enmity towards Islam, Abu Lahab forced Utaybah to divorce Umm-Kulthum (R.A). Hence, the reason and time of both Ruqayyah (R.A) and Umm-Kulthum (R.A)’s divorce is the same.
After her divorce, Umm-Kulthum (R.A) went back to live with her father, Muhammad (S.A.W). For many years, she stayed home with her mother, Khadija (R.A). Umm-Kulthum (R.A) embraced Islam along with her mother and alongside her sisters.
Meanwhile, the people of Quraish decided to boycott Muslims on both the economic and social frontier. Muslims suffered a lot of afflictions, and owing to socio-economic boycott, some were even forced to consume leaves of trees.
Khadija (R.A) passed away shortly after the end of the boycott. Although grieved by her mother passing away, Umm-Kulthum (R.A) conducted herself in a mature manner, because in the absence of her mother, she had to take care of the entire household as well as her younger sister, Fathima (R.A).
Eventually, Nabi (S.A.W) left Makkah Mukarramah and migrated to Madinah Munawwarah. When conditions in Makkah Mukarramah worsened, Zayd ibn Harith (R.A) was sent to bring the daughters of our Rasool (S.A.W) to Madinah Munawwarah.
Life was comparatively better for Muslims in Madinah Munawwarah. It was in Madinah Munawwarah that Umm-Kulthum (R.A) witnessed the Muslims’ victory in the Battle of Badr. It was also during this Battle that her sister, Ruqayyah (R.A) passed away [Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’oon].
A year after Ruqayyah (R.A) passed away, Nabi (S.A.W) offered Umm-Kulthum (R.A) to Uthman ibn Affan (R.A) in marriage. Two months after the date of the Nikaah, Umm-Kulthum (R.A) went to live with her husband.
As is narrated by Bukhari: When Hafsa (R.A) was widowed, Umar ibn Khattab (R.A), her father, offered her hand in marriage to Uthman (R.A). However, Uthman (R.A) showed hesitation. Nabi (S.A.W) heard of this, and called Umar (R.A) to say to him, “I will find a man for you better than Uthman and for Uthman a woman better than your daughter. Give your daughter to me, and I will give my daughter to Uthman”.
As a result of having married two daughters of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W), Uthman (R.A) earned the title “Dhun Nurayn: The Possessor of Two Lights”. Nabi (S.A.W) once said that if He (S.A.W) had ten daughters, He (S.A.W) would have married them all to Uthman ibn Affan (R.A).
Umm-Kulthum (R.A) lived with her husband, Uthman (R.A), for six years but the marriage remained childless. She passed away in the year 9 AH in the month of Sha’ban, at the age of 29 years. Rasoolullah (S.A.W) tearfully performed her Janaazah Salaah, and she was laid to rest next to the qabr of her elder sister, Ruqayyah bint Muhammad (R.A). Abu Talha (R.A), Ali ibn Talib (R.A), Fazal ibn Abbas (R.A) and Uthman ibn Zayd (R.A) lowered her body into the qabr.
Anas bin Malik (R.A) reports that Nabi (S.A.W) was extremely sorrowful after Umm-Kulthum (R.A) passed away. He (S.A.W) was seen sitting by the side of her qabr with tears rolling down His (S.A.W)’s Mubarak cheeks.
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Love and Duas,