When Fathima (R.A) was born, Rasoolullah (S.A.W) was 35 years old and the Ka’bah was being rebuilt. Fathima (R.A) was the youngest Muslim in Islam, accepting Islam at the age of 5. From her childhood, Fathima (R.A) was very sober; preferring the company of her Mother (R.A) over that of friends. Nabi (S.A.W) used to appreciate her simplicity and disregard for worldly things.
Nabi (S.A.W) said: “Among men, there are many that have been perfect; but among women, there are only four. They are: Asiyah (the wife of the Pharoah), Mariam (the daughter of Imran (A.S)), Khadija (the daughter of Khuwaylid) and Fathima (the daughter of Muhammad (S.A.W)).”
According to some narrations, she was called Zahra because she greatly resembled Nabi (S.A.W) in that she was fair and her cheeks were rosy. Some scholars say it was because she was the flower in Nabi (S.A.W)’s life. Majority, however, are of the opinion that it was because of her feminine charms and human excellence. Titles (amongst other) given to Fathima (R.A) are Batul, Marzia and Tahira.
If Fathima (R.A) had to enter, and Nabi (S.A.W) was seated, He (S.A.W) would get up and kiss her between her eyes. The first thing Nabi (S.A.W) did upon entering Madinah Munawwarah was perform two Rakaats Salaah, and then visit the house of Fathima (R.A). The last thing Nabi (S.A.W) would do before leaving Madinah Munawwarah was visit Fathima (R.A).
Fathima (R.A) resembled Nabi (S.A.W) the most; in appearance, character and walking. A’isha (R.A) said: “I have never seen anyone resemble the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) in his way of dealing with people, or character more than Fatima (R.A).” She also said, “I have never seen a greater resemblance in the style of walking of Nabi (S.A.W) than of Fatima (R.A)’s.” A’isha (R.A) also said, “I have never seen anyone more truthful or more modest than Fatima other than her father – Muhammad (S.A.W).”
Nabi (S.A.W) migrated to Madinah Munawwarah when Fathima (R.A) was unmarried. People persuaded Ali (R.A) to propose to Fathima (R.A). Due to his straitened circumstances, Ali (R.A) was reluctant. Eventually, he approached Nabi (S.A.W). Nabi (S.A.W) discussed it with Fathima (R.A) and after receiving her consent, the both were married in Muharram 2 AH.
Ali (R.A) and Fathima (R.A) had 2 sons and 2 daughters; Hasan (R.A), Husain (R.A), Umm Kulthum (R.A) and Zaynab (R.A). All four children are well-known in the annals of Islamic History and were dearly loved by Nabi (S.A.W). Some Ahadith lay mention to a 3rd son and daughter (Mohsin and Ruqayyah) who passed away in their childhood. Fathima (R.A) had the honor of maintaining the future generations of our Rasool (S.A.W).
She was also one of the only ones who lived through the stages of Islam from the moment that her Father (S.A.W) was made a Nabi until His (S.A.W)’s death. The only other person was Abu Bakr (R.A).
Fathima (R.A) passed away six months after Nabi (S.A.W), at the age of 29 years. She made two requests from Ali (R.A). The first was that after her death, he should marry Umamah (R.A), the daughter of her sister, for she would be more affectionate with Hasan (R.A) and Husain (R.A). The second request was- “When you bury me, cover me properly as I don’t want anyone to see anything of me, and bury me during the night for I am embarrassed from the multitude of people.”
Some reports say that she is buried in Jannatul Baqi, while others report that she is buried in Dar Aqeel.
Don’t forget to recite as much Durood as you can!
Love and Duas,